South Africa’s biggest desalination plant opens

first_imgThe Mossel Bay desalination plant willensure a constant supply of fresh watereven in times of drought. (Image: Mossel Bay Municipality) MEDIA CONTACTS • Harry Hill  Strategic support, Mossel Bay Municipality  +27 44 606 5193 • Thabo Mabaso  Spokesperson, PetroSA  +27 21 929 3365 RELATED ARTICLES • New solutions for water conservation • SA maps its freshwater priority areas • Green pilot project on Robben Island • Waste drive reaps rewards • Plastic recycling major job spinnerEmily van RijswijckSouth Africa’s biggest seawater desalination plant has opened in the seaside town of Mossel Bay in the Western Cape province. This facility will ensure that the economic hub achieves greater water security and economic growth going into the future.The plant, which has a capacity of 15-million megalitres per day, started operating in September but currently puts out only 5-million megalitres of water, as the area has had excellent rains and dams supplying the town are full.The 5-million megalitres are used entirely by the synthetic petroleum plant of PetroSA, the town’s biggest employer and biggest user of water. PetroSA consumes almost as much water daily as the municipality itself.“The development of a desalination plant was always envisaged for the near future but after the town was faced with a severe drought, the project was escalated,” confirms Harry Hill, spokesperson for the municipality.  Worst drought in 130 yearsThe drought, which was the worst in 130 years, reached such critical proportions at one point that the Eden District area in the south of the province was declared a disaster area. In the Eastern Cape the Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality had to impose water restrictions for almost three years as a result.The enforced water restrictions in Mossel Bay meant that the water usage for the entire municipality was about 14-million megalitres a day.“So the desalination plant has the capacity to meet the town’s entire water needs should this again be necessary,” adds Hill.The project was jointly funded by the National Treasury and PetroSA who contributed R92-million (US$11-million) and R80-million ($9.6-million) respectively to the total project cost of R210 million ($25-million).Apart from the seawater desalination plant, the municipality also sank several boreholes and built a plant to reclaim waste water for industrial purposes.“While the new water sources, such as the seawater desalination plant, now seem to be superfluous, it must be remembered that Mossel Bay periodically suffers severe droughts,” says municipal manager Michele Gratz.“The town’s population has also nearly doubled in the last two decades and it is almost certain that there will again be times that the municipality will have to rely on these others sources instead of the dams,”.Water resource strategySouth Africa’s Department of Water Affairs foresees that by 2030 up to 10 % of the country’s urban water supply could come from water desalination plants. The National Water Resource Strategy (NWRS) is the blueprint on which the government bases its future water management approach.The most recent version of the NWRS was drafted in 2004 and paints an alarming picture of water availability in years ahead, with a worst-case scenario showing a national deficit of 2 044-million cubic metres of water a year by 2025.At the moment South Africa only has a few desalination plants – the plant in nearby Knysna is the second biggest, but pumps a mere 1.5 megalitres a day. There are also plants at Bitou Municipality, Sedgefield on the Garden Route and Boknes in the Eastern Cape.“Seawater desalination technology is widely used across the world and it makes good common sense for a water-scarce country like South Africa to begin to do the same,” Hill adds.Suitable for human consumptionThe process of desalination is increasingly being used as a way to provide fresh water for human use in regions such as the Middle East, the Mediterranean and Australia, where potable water from other sources is limited.The most widely used method follows the process of reverse osmosis. Seawater is pumped into a plant where semi-permeable membranes and pressure are used to separate dissolved matter and salts from the water.The fresh water is then pumped to a storage facility for use while the brine, the highly concentrated seawater which resulted from the process, is pumped back into the sea or an estuary.Despite all its benefits, desalination doesn’t offer a “silver bullet” solution to the world’s growing water problems. Besides using very expensive equipment, the process also uses a considerable amount of electricity and is not without environmental consequences.Both the intake and discharge processes of the water may have affect on water quality and marine life. Aquatic species have a tolerance for natural salinity, an aspect which may be affected by the highly concentrated seawater which is pumped back into the ocean.And while the intake structure is designed to maintain a flow of less than 0.15 metres per second – the minimum escape velocity for aquatic species – there is still a risk that plants, fish eggs and fish larvae around the intake areas may die.The process also uses chemicals which if left untreated, can be harmful to the environment.Green drop certificationThe most widely held belief is that desalination should be used in conjunction with other water-saving mechanisms such as waste water reclamation. This treated water is especially suitable for industrial use.Mossel Bay Municipality is proving to be a leader in waste water treatment as it achieved Green Drop status in 2011 for two of its water treatment plants.  The Municipal Green Drop Certification Programme was introduced in 2008 as an incentive-based regulation of waste water quality and waste water management systems in South Africa.A total of 821 waste water systems were assessed by the Department of Water Affairs in 2011, with only 40 systems achieving the coveted Green Drop status.The Western Cape fared the best in this year’s Green Drop programme, scoring 83%, the highest average percentage. KwaZulu-Natal scored 82%, and Gauteng scored 79%. The Northern Cape finished last with 23%.Municipalities were assessed in eleven categories, namely process control; maintenance and management skills; waste water quality monitoring programmes; credibility of waste water sampling; the submission of waste water results; waste water quality compliance; reaction management to waste water failures; stormwater and water demand management; by-laws; capacity of the waste water treatment plants; and waste water asset management.last_img read more

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Let us hold on to Madiba’s values: Zuma

first_img9 December 2013 Peace, forgiveness, caring, justice and equality for all – South Africans should hold on to the values that Nelson Mandela lived by, President Jacob Zuma told the congregation at the Bryanston Methodist Church in Johannesburg on Sunday as the country held a day of national reflection and prayer for Madiba. The 95-year-old former statesman passed away on Thursday, 5 December at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg after a lengthy battle with a lung infection. “We should not forget the values that Madiba stood for and sacrificed his life for,” Zuma said. “He stood for freedom, he fought against those who oppressed others … He actively participated to remove the oppressor to liberate the people of this country. When our struggle came to an end, he preached and practised reconciliation to make those who had been fighting to forgive one another and become one nation.” Mandela’s ex-wife Winnie Madikizela-Mandela and grandson Mandla Mandela, and African National Congress (ANC) treasurer-general Zweli Mkhize, were among those present at the Bryanston church service. Mkhize told SAnews after the service that it was important for South Africans to “re-live the values of our late former president – those are unity, reconciliation and compassion – so that we create a better South Africa. We’ve got a beacon in Nelson Mandela to take our country forward.” Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe, addressing a capacity congregation at the Grace Bible Church in Soweto, said Mandela “personified unity and diversity even while in prison. Through all that he endured, he learned not to hate. Instead he chose to see goodness in every person.” Motlanthe quoted Mandela, who said of himself that he “was not a saint, but a sinner who keeps trying”. Young and old filled the seats at the Grace Bible Church while others watched the service from monitors outside the church hall. Church member Margaret Lukhele, who came with her family of eight for the service, said they would “forever remain proudly South Africans because of Tata. He walked the long road back to freedom, made every South African to be free and to live free.” Also on Sunday, South Africans from various faiths gathered together under a white marquee to reflect on Mandela’s legacy at the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory in Johannesburg. Former Cabinet minister Tokyo Sexwale said South Africans grieved together “while understanding that 95 years of life were well lived and should be celebrated. It is a life worthy of celebration.” Mandela’s great-grandson, Luvuyo Mandela, thanked the public for the support the family had received, adding: “What happens next is that we pick up from where he left off.” Chief Rabbi Warren Goldstein said: “The greatest tribute we can make to Madiba is to live like him. He showed us tolerance and generosity of spirit.” Anti-apartheid struggle stalwart Ahmed Kathrada recounted a story Madiba had once told him, of a conversation he’d had with a little girl who had called him a “stupid old man”. Kathrada said he would remember Mandela “as a politician who could laugh at himself”. Source: SAnews.gov.zalast_img read more

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Player development is the key for NSW

first_imgNew South Wales Touch Association (NSWTA) is trialling out a new format that will enhance the player pool and development of younger players.For the first time there won’t be the usual six NSW regions of Hunter Western Hornets, Southern Suns, Northern Eagles and Sydney Rebels, Mets and Scorpions taking part in the X-Blades National Youth Championships (NYC).Instead, two NSWTA Development squads are in action this week in the NYC at Port Macquarie.The teams were picked following the junior regionals earlier this year and the girls NSWTA Development coach Edith Nathan said the idea was to give more players national tournament experience.“We’re trying to help develop kids that don’t get an opportunity to come away and play at the higher level,” Nathan said.“Things they have to learn and try and take forward into their own game like at State Cup, Junior State Cup and senior State Cup. “Hopefully they learn something from here and they know that this level is quite important to them to get to the elite.”Her assistant coach, Glen Flanagan, said it greatly benefits the country players.“Once the school system has taken their elite players for their three sides like CIS [Combined Independent Schools], triple C [Combined Catholic Colleges] and CHS [Combined High Schools] it gives the players from the country region, who might be on the verge of future representative sides, a chance to develop their own game,” Flanagan said.“Given the wide areas we go down, to the Southern Suns, the Northern Eagles and the west, it gives a lot of people an opportunity to come together, represent NSW, even if it is a development side, but still develop their skills in the game.“I think the opportunity NSW has given us to further their touch football and bring them away to tournaments like this is terrific.”For more information on the NYC, check out these websites:NYC – www.nyc.mytouchfooty.comTouch Football Australia – www.austouch.com.auOr follow us on Twitter or on our Facebook page.Related LinksPlayer development is the key for NSWlast_img read more

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10 months agoSissoko: Why I chose Spurs over Everton

first_imgSissoko: Why I chose Spurs over Evertonby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveTottenham midfielder Moussa Sissoko has revisited his dramatic move from Newcastle United.Ronald Koeman wanted to take the Frenchman to Goodison Park in August 2016 but was pipped to his signature by Spurs boss Mauricio Pochettino and chairman Daniel Levy on transfer deadline day.“It was funny,” said Sissoko. “When I signed I was in the office with the chairman and I saw on the TV, ‘Sissoko was on his way to Everton, but then he went back and came to Tottenham’.“It wasn’t true.“Before I signed here, I talked with Koeman, the manager of Everton, on the phone.”He wanted me to join Everton and I said, ‘You have to speak with Newcastle and my agent, and if you find an agreement, why not?’“On that day, we didn’t have anything.“Then on the last day of the transfer window I came here and everything was nearly done with Tottenham.“So in my head, it was clear.“I was happy because I wanted to leave Newcastle and had the opportunity to sign here.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

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Video: Butch Jones Actually Celebrated Aaron Medley’s Kick Before Realizing It Was Wide Right

first_imgButch Jones wearing a headset on the sideline.GAINESVILLE, FL – SEPTEMBER 16: Head Coach Butch Jones of the Tennessee Volunteers is seen on the sidelines during the second half of their game against the Florida Gators at Ben Hill Griffin Stadium on September 16, 2017 in Gainesville, Florida. (Photo by Scott Halleran/Getty Images)Tennessee lost another heartbreaker early Saturday afternoon, blowing a 13-point lead down the stretch to fall to Florida in Gainesville, 28-27. The Volunteers had a chance to win on the final play of the game, but Aaron Medley’s 55-yard kick wound up wide right. It was another tough loss for head coach Butch Jones, needless to say. But it was even tougher than we all thought – Jones initially thought the kick was good.Butch Jones celebrated the game winning FG. Except it missed. https://t.co/CgYRvCymsK— SEC Bandit (@SEC_Bandit) September 26, 2015It’s been a tough year in Knoxville. We’ll see if the Vols can learn how to close out games in the coming weeks.last_img read more

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Jamaica Howard University Alumni Association Launched

first_img Ambassador Marks called on past students to sit on various committees of the Association and work with President Frederick and his team to support young diaspora members. The Jamaica Howard University Alumni Association and Endowment Fund was launched recently at the Embassy in Washington, DC by Ambassador to the United States, Her Excellency Audrey Marks; and President of Howard University, Dr. Wayne Frederick.Also at the ceremony were Chairman of the Board of the University, Stacey Mobley; members of the faculty; and past, current and incoming Jamaican students.In her remarks, Ambassador Marks told the gathering that Jamaica and Howard University have had a long-standing relationship for more than 100 years.“Historically, Howard has been the university of choice for thousands of Jamaican nationals, many of whom have remained to work in the Washington metropolitan region. Those who returned to the island have done extremely well professionally,” she said.The Ambassador stressed the need for greater support for Jamaican students at Howard, hence the launch of the Jamaica Howard University Alumni Association.She added that key mandates of the Association are to identify ways to give back to the institution, serve as mentors to current Jamaican students, and assist students financially.Ambassador Marks called on past students to sit on various committees of the Association and work with President Frederick and his team to support young diaspora members.Meanwhile, President Frederick commended Ambassador Marks for spearheading the initiative, which will go a long way to assist present and future Jamaican students at Howard University.“It is always good to give back. I have benefited from Howard, and so have many of you standing here. The formation of the Jamaica Howard Alumni Association is one of the best ways for students to channel their resources to support their alma mater,” he said.A Jamaican national, Howard University alumnus and senior Partner at PricewaterhouseCoopers, Don Christian, was selected to lead the committee that will spearhead the establishment of the Jamaica Howard Alumni Association. The Jamaica Howard University Alumni Association and Endowment Fund was launched recently at the Embassy in Washington, DC by Ambassador to the United States, Her Excellency Audrey Marks; and President of Howard University, Dr. Wayne Frederick. Story Highlights In her remarks, Ambassador Marks told the gathering that Jamaica and Howard University have had a long-standing relationship for more than 100 years. last_img read more

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Surprise Ryan Reynolds Kissed Andrew Garfield After Losing Golden Globe to Ryan

first_img Facebook Advertisement Advertisement Are you guys paying attention, because we’re willing to bet that you missed something absolutely amazing right now. Don’t worry, though, that’s why we’re here.Just a few seconds before everybody started to swoon over Ryan Gosling‘s beautiful speech, where he thanked Eva Mendes for holding down the fort while he shot La La Land, there was a very OMG-worthy embrace going on in the background, and if you blinked, you missed it.Fellow Best Actor nominees Ryan Reynolds and Andrew Garfield decided to share a kiss on the lips to make up for losing the award to the other Ryan, and while we bet it stung, it seems that smooch made it all better. Just try to take your eyes off of Gosling’s rugged handsomeness, and veer over to the left, you’ll see it all go down. Login/Register With:center_img Advertisement LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Twitterlast_img read more

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Rep Schroeder announces March is Reading Month tour

first_img26Feb Rep. Schroeder announces March is Reading Month tour Categories: Schroeder News,Schroeder Photos State Rep. Andrea Schroeder of Independence Township today announced her March is Reading Month tour. As part of March is Reading Month, the lawmaker will visit schools throughout the Clarkston and Waterford districts and read to students, encouraging them to develop a lifelong interest in reading.“A love for reading will benefit children their entire lives,” Rep. Schroeder said. “March is Reading Month is not only a great way to encourage the learning process, but also a fun way for me to meet with my youngest constituents.”Schools interested in hosting Rep. Schroeder for March is Reading Month should contact Rep. Schroeder’s office at (517) 373-0615 or via email at AndreaSchroeder@house.mi.gov.last_img read more

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UPC Direct the DTH platform operated by Liberty G

first_imgUPC Direct, the DTH platform operated by Liberty Global, expanded its HD line-up with the addition of educational channel Da Vinci U.The channel, which airs various learning and science programming, was originally launched in Poland in 2007 and has subsequently aired across Romania, Turkey, Hungary, Ukraine, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Macedonia.The channel has been added to UPC Direct’s HD package.last_img

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Deutsche Telekom has launched its multiscreen TV

first_imgDeutsche Telekom has launched its multi-screen TV service Entertain to Go service, offering access to around 40 TV channels from PC, laptop and iPad.The service, which was first announced by the German operator last year, is priced at €4.95 per-month and gives access to content on a users’ home WiFi network. Entertain video library content can also be accessed over wireless networks.The offering includes public broadcast networks such as ARD, ZDF and 3sat as well as private channels ProSieben, Sat.1, RTL and VOX.The iPad version of the service is available to download now, with iPhone and Android versions in the works.last_img

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