After the public tender, the City of Vodice signed a contract with the company Sarađen doo from Stankovci for the execution of works on the second phase of the arrangement of the town beach Male Vruje worth almost nine million kuna.Thus, Vodice will get a new and innovative beach that is designed as a sea lagoon, where the sea will be 10 degrees warmer than usual. With the construction of an artificial lagoon, breakwater and seawater pool, they hope from Vodice to extend the bathing season, ie before and after the season.Being innovative, different, having quality content is imperative today, and the “sea lagoon” on the beach Vruje, which is currently under construction and will be in almost 4 months, certainly falls into that category, to the delight of all tourism workers and tourists. As the sea level in the lagoon will be low, the sun will warm it much earlier and allow it to swim in September, even longer if the weather conditions allow it. Thus, the bathing season in Vodice could last as much as half a year or more.But the beach as such is not enough if it will not be accompanied by a variety of quality additional content. Thus, during the day the beach will be used as a bathing area, while in the evening the beach will be of a polyvalent character and have an open stage where various cultural, entertainment, artistic, musical and other events will be organized. It is interesting that all the elements that will be used in the arrangement of the beach can be recycled and modularly relocated, so that the beach can “change” its shape every year.The investment in the amount of HRK 2016 million was co-financed by the Ministry of Tourism through the Public Tourism Infrastructure Development Program in 600 in the amount of HRK 11000 million in grants. Upon completion of this project, Vodice will be richer by XNUMX m of newly renovated coastal space, or about XNUMX mXNUMX of new sunbathing and swimming area with one large and one small pool, while the construction of catering and entertainment facilities is planned in the third phase of construction.In 2016, growth from arrivals and overnight stays of 5 percent In 2016, a total of 192.422 tourists arrived in the area of the Tourist Board of the City of Vodice, who realized 1.076.191 overnight stays, which is an increase in arrivals and overnight stays by 5% compared to the previous year. Domestic guests have the largest share in realized overnight stays – 13,3%, followed by guests from Germany (13%), Poland (11,8%), Slovakia (10,2%), Slovenia (9,8%), Czech Republic (9,8%), Austria (5,7%) and Hungary (5,4%).The largest increase in overnight stays was recorded from the markets of Slovenia, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Sweden and Poland, while the largest number of tourists stayed in households with 703.287 overnight stays, which is an increase of 5% compared to 2015.
As part of the seventh HTI (Health Tourism Industry) conference, which is being held in Croatia for the second time, and this year from February 28 to March 2 at the Lone Hotel in Rovinj, a ceremony was held yesterday for the best European health tourism destinations – “Medical Tourism Index” points out from the Ministry of Tourism.In the category of the most promising health tourism destinations, the award was won by Croatia and Greece. On behalf of the Croatian National Tourist Board, the award was accepted by Slavija Jačan-Obratov, Director of the Sector for Destination Management and Offer Development Support. “This is a great recognition for Croatia, given that we are recognized as a fast-growing destination of health tourism, which has so far proven the activities of the entire tourism sector in this segment of tourism as very effective.”, Said Jačan-Obratov. The best destination was the United Kingdom, followed by Germany, France, Italy and Spain.The partner of the conference is the Croatian National Tourist Board, which used this opportunity to organize a workshop “Buy Croatia” for health tourism. The workshop was attended by a large number of participants from Croatia and the world, ie about 30 foreign “buyers” and about 40 domestic entities. The HTI conference itself, which was organized in cooperation with the Croatian Chamber of Commerce and under the auspices of the President of the Republic of Croatia Kolinda Grabar Kitarović, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Tourism, gathered more than 300 people.”Croatia singles out health tourism as one of the key products in the development of tourism until 2020, and as soon as it resolves the legislation, it is ready to invest the already prepared 400 million euros in it.”, Said the Minister of Tourism Gari Cappelli at the opening of the conference.During the three days of the HTI conference, it offered a rich program and accompanying contents, which attracted leading national and international experts, top lecturers and panelists, as well as exclusive guests from the field of health tourism. The conference was opened and actively attended by Minister of Tourism Gary Cappelli, while a special lecture was given by luxury travel expert, famous American actress Eva LaRue, who gained world fame by playing detective Natalia Boa Vista in the American series CSI Miami. Among the keynote speakers at the conference were Jonathan Edelheit, president of the American Health Tourism Association, Dragan Primorac, a well-known Croatian scientist and writer, Giuseppe Bellandi, president of the EHTTE European Association of Historic Spas, and Tomislav Popović, president of Maistra.Related news:LEADING INTERNATIONAL HTI CONFERENCE IN THE FIELD OF HEALTH TOURISM OPENED
The total traffic of passengers in airports amounted to 570 thousand in April 2017, which was by 33.4% more than in April 2016 when it amounted to 427 thousand.In April 2017, an increase in the traffic of passengers was recorded in the Zagreb Airport (19.1%), the Dubrovnik Airport (52.3%), the Split Airport (64.0%), the Zadar Airport (15.0%), the Pula Airport (26.4%), the Rijeka Airport (36.8%) and the Brač Airport (262.0%), while a decrease was recorded in the Osijek Airport (65.6%) and the Mali Lošinj Airport (20.2%), as compared to April 2016. The highest increase in international traffic was realised with Turkish airports, 69.2%.The total number of landings and taking-offs in airports amounted to 7 624 movements in April 2017, which was by 15.0% more than in April 2016 when it amounted to 6 630 movements.
Pinterest Share on Twitter Share Brain scans from nearly 200 adolescent boys provide evidence that the brains of compulsive video game players are wired differently. Chronic video game play is associated with hyperconnectivity between several pairs of brain networks. Some of the changes are predicted to help game players respond to new information.Other changes are associated with distractibility and poor impulse control. The research, a collaboration between the University of Utah School of Medicine, and Chung-Ang University in South Korea, was published online in Addiction Biology on Dec. 22, 2015.“Most of the differences we see could be considered beneficial. However the good changes could be inseparable from problems that come with them,” says senior author Jeffrey Anderson, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of neuroradiology at the University of Utah School of Medicine. Email LinkedIn Share on Facebook Those with Internet gaming disorder are obsessed with video games, often to the extent that they give up eating and sleeping to play. This study reports that in adolescent boys with the disorder, certain brain networks that process vision or hearing are more likely to have enhanced coordination to the so-called salience network.The job of the salience network is to focus attention on important events, poising that person to take action. In a video game, enhanced coordination could help a gamer to react more quickly to the rush of an oncoming fighter. And in life, to a ball darting in front of a car, or an unfamiliar voice in a crowded room.A new study provides evidence that several regions of the brain are hyperconnected in adolescent boys diagnosed with Internet gaming disorder (lines between colored areas, colored areas represent specific brain networks). Credit: Jeffrey Anderson“Hyperconnectivity between these brain networks could lead to a more robust ability to direct attention toward targets, and to recognize novel information in the environment,” says Anderson. “The changes could essentially help someone to think more efficiently.” One of the next steps will be to directly determine whether the boys with these brain differences do better on performance tests.More troublesome is an increased coordination between two brain regions, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and temporoparietal junction, a change also seen in patients with neuropsychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia, Down’s syndrome, and autism. Hyperconnectivity between the two regions is also observed in people with poor impulse control.“Having these networks be too connected may increase distractibility,” says Anderson. At this point it’s not known whether persistent video gaming causes rewiring of the brain, or whether people who are wired differently are drawn to video games.According to Doug Hyun Han, M.D., Ph.D., professor at Chung-Ang University School of Medicine and adjunct associate professor at the University of Utah School of Medicine, this is the largest, most comprehensive investigation to date of brain differences in compulsive video game players. Study participants were from South Korea, where video game playing is a popular social activity, much more than in the United States. The Korean government supports his research with the goal of finding ways to identify and treat addicts.Researchers performed magnetic resonance imaging on 106 boys between the ages of 10 to 19 who were seeking treatment for Internet gaming disorder, a psychological condition listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as warranting further research. The brain scans were compared to those from 80 boys without the disorder, and analyzed for regions that were activated simultaneously while participants were at rest, a measure of functional connectivity.The team analyzed activity in 25 pairs of brain regions, 300 combinations in all. Specifically, boys with Internet gaming disorder had statistically significant, functional connections between the following pairs of brain regions:Auditory cortex (hearing) – motor cortex (movement)Auditory cortex (hearing) – supplementary motor cortices (movement)Auditory cortex (hearing) – anterior cingulate (salience network)Frontal eye field (vision) – anterior cingulate (salience network)Frontal eye field (vision) – anterior insula (salience network)Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex – temporoparietal junction
Share “Our work demonstrates that the gut bacterial microbiome in chronic fatigue syndrome patients isn’t normal, perhaps leading to gastrointestinal and inflammatory symptoms in victims of the disease,” said Maureen Hanson, the Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor in the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Cornell and the paper’s senior author. “Furthermore, our detection of a biological abnormality provides further evidence against the ridiculous concept that the disease is psychological in origin.”“In the future, we could see this technique as a complement to other noninvasive diagnoses, but if we have a better idea of what is going on with these gut microbes and patients, maybe clinicians could consider changing diets, using prebiotics such as dietary fibers or probiotics to help treat the disease,” said Ludovic Giloteaux, a postdoctoral researcher and first author of the study.In the study, Ithaca campus researchers collaborated with Dr. Susan Levine, an ME/CFS specialist in New York City, who recruited 48 people diagnosed with ME/CFS and 39 healthy controls to provide stool and blood samples.The researchers sequenced regions of microbial DNA from the stool samples to identify different types of bacteria. Overall, the diversity of types of bacteria was greatly reduced and there were fewer bacterial species known to be anti-inflammatory in ME/CFS patients compared with healthy people, an observation also seen in people with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.At the same time, the researchers discovered specific markers of inflammation in the blood, likely due to a leaky gut from intestinal problems that allow bacteria to enter the blood, Giloteaux said.Bacteria in the blood will trigger an immune response, which could worsen symptoms.The researchers have no evidence to distinguish whether the altered gut microbiome is a cause or a whether it is a consequence of disease, Giloteaux added.In the future, the research team will look for evidence of viruses and fungi in the gut, to see whether one of these or an association of these along with bacteria may be causing or contributing to the illness. Share on Facebook Pinterest Share on Twitter LinkedIn Physicians have been mystified by chronic fatigue syndrome, a condition where normal exertion leads to debilitating fatigue that isn’t alleviated by rest. There are no known triggers, and diagnosis requires lengthy tests administered by an expert.Now, for the first time, Cornell University researchers report they have identified biological markers of the disease in gut bacteria and inflammatory microbial agents in the blood.In a study published June 23 in the journal Microbiome, the team describes how they correctly diagnosed myalgic encephalomyeletis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) in 83 percent of patients through stool samples and blood work, offering a noninvasive diagnosis and a step toward understanding the cause of the disease. Email
Share on Facebook Pinterest LinkedIn Email “You might be happier if you’re a conservative and you move to a stereotypical conservative place, or a liberal to a liberal one, but maybe that’s one of the reasons we see all the deadlock and polarization along party lines,” Chopik said. “If you never live among people you disagree with, how does compromise happen?”The study, published online in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science, examined national survey data of 19,162 people. The researchers looked at participants’ political orientation, ideological climate and personality measures such as anxiety and avoidance (survey items include “I try to avoid getting too close to others” and “I sometimes try to understand my friends better by imagining how things look from their perspective”).Living among politically dissimilar others, the study found, had a psychological effect on people. These political “misfits” had difficulty depending on and accepting the viewpoints of others. Further, rather than assimilate or alter their dispositions to be more similar to their neighbors, they withdrew from relationships.“Because living among politically dissimilar others is associated with a reduced sense of belonging, ideological misfits may feel as though they cannot reliably depend on the people around them,” the study states.In the current political climate, Chopik said it’s not uncommon for conservatives not to know any Hillary Clinton supporters, or for liberals not to know any Donald Trump supporters. This may be at least partly the result of political segregation.“Obviously, Trump supporters exist, and Clinton supporters exist, but people are choosing an environment where the other side doesn’t exist,” Chopik said. “As people continue segregating themselves into geographic areas according to political ideology, it’s important to understand the psychological states of the individuals living in these discordant communities.” Share on Twitter Share Living around people with opposing political viewpoints affects your ability to form close relationships and accept other perspectives – and may even change your personality, finds a national study led by a Michigan State University scholar.The findings also could help explain why so many Americans are moving to areas that suit them politically, further segregating the nation into “red” and “blue” states, said William Chopik, MSU assistant professor of psychology.And while living among folks of common ideology may reduce conflict and promote individual well-being, it also could be stifling healthy political discourse, said Chopik, who was named one of Forbes’ “30 Under 30” for Science in 2016.
LinkedIn Share on Facebook The researchers used the Pathologic Adaptation Model (PAM) to examine the emotional desensitization process that occurs in youth who are repeatedly exposed to community violence. PAM demonstrates that youth may initially express affective depressive symptoms, such as sadness, crying or feelings of worthlessness and guilt, but become emotionally numb to community violence as they witness more incidents. The findings also suggest that there is a positive association between violence exposure and subsequent violent behavior.“These findings point to the importance of early identification of youth exposed to community violence in the formative early and middle adolescent years,” said Gaylord-Harden. “Selective prevention programs are needed to address depressive symptoms and reduce potential violent or aggressive behaviors. Efforts to reduce the likelihood of these behaviors may, in turn, reduce rates of school suspension, expulsion, and incarceration in males of color.” Share on Twitter Share As exposure to community violence increases for adolescent men of color, symptoms of depression subside and violent behaviors increase, according to new research published in the Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, a journal of the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. The results add evidence to a model demonstrating the desensitization to violence that can occur with greater exposure.“Community violence disproportionately impacts minority teen boys; but until now, we weren’t sure of the long-term effects of repeated exposure to violence on the mental health of these children,” said Noni Gaylord-Harden, PhD, a lead author of the study and associate professor at Loyola University Chicago. “This study is unique because it is the first to test this theory of desensitization in a sample consisting entirely of males of color over a long period of time. As a result, we have gained valuable insight into the mental health implications of repeated exposure to violence for this vulnerable population, as well as the critical time points and factors for detection and prevention.”The study, co-authored by researchers at Loyola University Chicago, University of Illinois at Chicago and University of Virginia, examined the associations between exposure to community violence, depressive symptoms and violent behavior among 285 African American and Latino male youths in Chicago for five consecutive years starting at fifth or seventh grade. All participants were from urban neighborhoods characterized by high violence and high poverty. Pinterest Email
Share on Facebook Email Share LinkedIn Share on Twitter “On a lot of measures, politicians who are paid more perform better,” Carnes said. “Research shows they have greater expertise, show up for votes more often and are more productive. Reformers argue higher pay also would have the benefit of increasing economic diversity in our political institutions. Our research shows this isn’t true.”What reformers overlook is the extraordinary cost of campaigning — in money, time and energy, Carnes said.“Running for office takes months and months. Candidates have to attend dozens of public events, and get educated about different issues. They have to make campaigning a full-time job, and that is the barrier that keeps out people who are not wealthy. If you would lose your home while campaigning, it doesn’t matter whether the job — if you win — offers $10,000 or $80,000.”Previous research has shown white-collar professionals are over-represented in government office relative to the general population, and that the economic background of legislators affects their decision-making while in office.More than half the country works in manual labor or service industry jobs, yet just 2 percent of congressional seats and 3 percent of state legislative seats are held by people who had blue-collar jobs before getting into politics. The shortage of blue-collar representatives leads to economic policies that favor affluent Americans, research has found.The new study examined data on the salaries and employment backgrounds of state legislators in all 50 states. The data included Carnes’ 2012 National Candidate Study, which surveyed 10,000 candidates who ran for state legislative offices that year, whether successful or not, as well as data compiled by the National Conference of State Legislatures in 1993, 1995 and 2007. Those data mirrored a 1979 survey by the Insurance Information Institute on the occupations previously held by state legislators nationwide.Results were consistent across all the years studied, Carnes said.Legislative salaries vary widely from state to state. New Hampshire and New Mexico are on the low end, paying, respectively, $200 per two-year term and nothing but a $150 per diem while in session. On the other end of the spectrum, California, New York and Michigan pay more than $75,000 a year.The number of former blue-collar workers holding elected state offices was lowest — about 2 percent on average — in states paying the highest salaries, and highest — about 7 percent — in states that pay the least.“Rather than making political jobs more appealing to lower-paid people, it appears higher salaries make them even more attractive to higher-paid professionals and make it even more difficult for working-class people to break into politics,” Carnes said. Contrary to popular belief, increasing politicians’ paychecks is not likely to encourage more working-class people to run for office, new research from Duke University finds.Reformers often say that low legislative salaries are a big reason why wealthy or retired Americans are far more likely to hold office. However, a study by Nicholas Carnes, assistant professor at Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy, and Eric Hansen, a Ph.D. candidate at UNC-Chapel Hill, found in states that offer more pay, legislatures remain dominated by white-collar professionals.The study, “Does Paying Politicians More Promote Economic Diversity in Legislatures?” was published online in the American Political Science Review on Dec. 28. Pinterest
Share LinkedIn Share on Twitter New aviation psychology research provides evidence that pilots’ responses to surprises can be improved through a particular type of simulator training. The findings suggest that predictable training scenarios are insufficient to prepare pilots for unexpected situations in-flight.“Our latest study, recently published in Human Factors, shows promising effects of unpredictability and variability in simulator training. It seems that pilots trained in this manner build better mental models, which prevents confusion and improves performance in surprise situations,” explained Annemarie Landman of Delft University of Technology, the corresponding author of the study.“The topic of surprise in flight crew is relevant right now, because aviation safety organisations have recommended that pilots are trained for surprise situations, starting in 2019.” Pinterest Email Share on Facebook “In certain recent accidents, it seems that surprise severely disrupted the crews’ performance,” Landman said. “Perhaps these accidents could have been prevented if the pilots were better trained to deal with the aspect of surprise. However, it’s not yet clear what kind of training would be effective. So to get a better grip on this issue, we created a conceptual model of startle and surprise.”Prior to their simulator study, Landman and her colleagues reviewed previous research on the topic to better conceptualize what was meant by a “surprise” in the context of aviation. The key to a surprise, they found, was to set up a situation that mismatched with a previously learned structure of events.“Surprise is like a warning signal to indicate that there is a mismatch between your understanding of a situation, and the real situation. It pushes you to investigate and improve your understanding, so you know how to respond,” Landman explained to PsyPost.“There are a couple of issues that make it difficult to solve a surprise. One problem is that you rely — in part — on your understanding of a situation in order to interpret, or ‘frame’, what is going on. Without this perspective, you may, for instance, stare at the instruments without them making any sense to you.”“Another problem is that stress typically impairs your ability to get a good perspective on the situation,” Landman continued. “So if you’re highly surprised as well as stressed out by an emergency event, you can become ‘stuck’ in your thinking and get completely confused.”“Add to this that airplanes are extremely reliable, so when an issue does happen, it is likely more surprising than it used to be. Airplanes are also highly automated, which can make it more difficult for pilots to suddenly take manual control when this is needed.”In their simulator study, Landman and her colleagues trained 20 airline pilots to perform some maneuvers in an unfamiliar aircraft. The researchers found that pilots trained in a more unpredictable manner used throttle and airspeed more effectively in a surprise situation compared to pilots trained in a more predictable manner.“The research points to several possible training approaches. On the one hand, pilot understanding of the aircraft and of emergency events can be improved through simulator practice. This experience can be useful to ‘switch’ quickly and effectively to a new understanding in a surprise situation,” Landman said.“Also, the detrimental effects of stress and the loss of perspective in an emergency situation can perhaps be countered with stress regulation techniques, or techniques to analyse the situation in a step-wise and structured manner.”The study, “Training Pilots for Unexpected Events: A Simulator Study on the Advantage of Unpredictable and Variable Scenarios“, was authored by Annemarie Landman, Peter van Oorschot, M. M. (René) van Paassen, Eric L. Groen, Adelbert W. Bronkhorst, and Max Mulder.The review article, “Dealing With Unexpected Events on the Flight Deck: A Conceptual Model of Startle and Surprise“, was authored by Annemarie Landman, Eric L. Groen, M. M. (René) van Paassen, Adelbert W. Bronkhorst, and Max Mulder.
Email Share Pinterest Share on Twitter Share on Facebook LinkedIn Former Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton underperformed relative to Barack Obama in 2012 among most demographic groups, according to new research published in the Journal of Political Marketing.“People have long been interested in how different demographic groups vote in elections. The role of demographics in 2016 received a lot of attention from the campaigns, media outlets, etc,” said study author Aaron C. Weinschenk of the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay.“In part, I think the fascination stemmed from the fact that the electorate in 2016 was the most diverse U.S. electorate in history and many people thought this would be good news for Democrats. I wanted to gather some data and examine the importance of demographics (and changes in demographics) in shaping the 2016 presidential election. How did different groups vote? Were there shifts in the voting patterns of different demographic groups from 2012 to 2016?” For his study, Weinschenk analyzed pre-election tracking polls, exit poll data, and state-level variables to better understand role of demographics in shaping vote choice.“There are a number of important findings that emerged from my study. First, I found (using exit poll data) that in 2016 Hillary Clinton underperformed Barack Obama (in 2012) in 83% of the 35 demographic groups I examined,” he explained. ”Clinton did significantly worse than Obama among Catholics, men, Hispanic/Latino women, union households, 25–29 year olds, Latinos, 18–24 year olds, Asian Americans, African Americans, and several other demographic groups. Clinton only outperformed Obama among white women, those who identify as LGBT, people over 65, Republicans, those who report being Jewish, and those making more than $50,000.“Second, I found (using state-level data) that the percentage of whites with low levels of education and the size of the rural population had large effects on vote choice. Clinton did poorly (and Trump did well) in places with low levels of education and in places with large rural populations,” Weinschenk told PsyPost. “Interestingly, I found that both of these variables were more strongly correlated with Democratic vote share in 2016 than in 2012. In other words, education and the rural/urban divide became more important over time — at least in presidential contests.” The study also failed to find evidence that changes in overall voter turnout rates had a substantial impact on Clinton’s performance.“Understanding how different demographic groups connect to candidates and political parties is of obvious importance — if candidates and parties know which groups tend to like and dislike them, they can develop campaign strategies that are aimed at mobilizing supporters and persuading those who might not initially be predisposed to vote for them,” Weinschenk said. “Mobilization and persuasion are, of course, two of the primary functions of political campaigns. Knowing who to focus those efforts on is critical.”The findings help explain the 2016 election. But there are still several areas for future research. For example, it is unclear what role demographic factors will play in upcoming elections.“I think it’s important that we continue to study the role of demographics in different types of elections. My study focused on presidential elections, but it would be interesting to see how the patterns that emerged in 2016 play out in the 2018 midterms (and in upcoming presidential elections),” Weinschenk explained.“Will education continue to be an important demographic factor that shapes how people vote? There was a time in American politics when there wasn’t a strong divide in how people of different levels of education voted. Why was there such a divide in 2016 compared to previous elections and will it continue?” “I also think that historical comparisons are important. My study primarily compared the 2012 and 2016 presidential elections, but it would be really neat to take a long-term approach. By doing that, we might be able to see when particular demographic groups started aligning with (or abandoning) certain political parties,” Weinschenk added.“We already have some sense of why particular groups like or don’t like certain parties, but I think we could get an even more nuanced picture. By taking a long term approach, we could likely get a sense of what sorts of factors lead groups to align with or leave particular parties (e.g., changing party platforms, attention to certain issues of importance to a given group, historical events, etc.).”The study was titled: “That’s Why the Lady Lost to the Trump: Demographics and the 2016 Presidential Election“.